Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – One of many traditions of Muslims in Indonesia is to go to the graves after the Eid al-Fitr prayers. They flocked to go to their dad and mom, household, and shut kinfolk who had handed away.
When making a pilgrimage, Muslims can recite the prayer of visiting the graves for the nice of the corpse.
Quoting the guide AZ Ziarah Kubur in Islam by Firman Arifandi, etymologically the phrase pilgrimage comes from the Arabic zaara-yazuuru-ziyarotan which suggests wanting to return or go to a spot.
In the meantime, based on the time period pilgrimage to the graves is visiting the graves of kinfolk, pals, kinfolk, or anybody, each Muslim and non-Muslim graves. Typically, this grave pilgrimage is completed to wish for the deceased.
Regulation of Grave Pilgrimage
Badruddin Hasyim Subky in his guide The Thriller of the Two Arms in Prayer, Remembrance, and Prayer explains the legislation of visiting graves. Rasulullah SAW mentioned,
كُنتُ نَهَيْتُكُمْ عَنْ زِيَارَةِ القُبُور، وَلكِنْ فَرُورُوها، وفى روَايَةٍ – فَمَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ فَُُرَُو ْيَزُرْهَا فَإِنَّهَا تُذكر الأخرة
Which means: “I forbade you to go to the graves, however now please go to the graves.” In one other narration: “Whoever needs to go to the grave please, as a result of visiting the grave can remind of the hereafter.” (Muslim HR)
Nonetheless in the identical guide, additionally it is defined that grave pilgrimage consists of two sorts, specifically al-syar’iyah pilgrimage and bid’ah pilgrimage.
Al-syar’iyah pilgrimage is a grave pilgrimage by praying for the corpse and has no different objective reminiscent of worshiping it. Whereas heresy pilgrimage is a pilgrimage that’s often executed by the Jews.
This refers back to the phrase of Allah SWT in surah At Taubah verse 84,
Amen وَرَسُوْلِهٖ وَمَاتُوْا وَهُمْ فٰسِقُوْنَ
Which means: “Do not you (Prophet Muhammad) pray for somebody who dies amongst them (hypocrites) eternally and do not you stand (pray) over his grave. Verily they disobey Allah and His Messenger they usually die in a state of wickedness.”
Relating to this bid’ah pilgrimage Rasulullah SAW mentioned,
لَعْنَةُ الله عَلَى اليَهُودِ وَالنَّصَارَى أَتَخَدُوا قُبُورَ أَنْبِيَائِهِمْ مَسَاجِدَ
Which means: “..God’s curse befalls the Jews and Nashara as a result of they made the graves of their Prophets as mosques”. He reminded (Muslims) of their (Jews and Nashara) deeds.”
Nonetheless in the identical guide, Imam Syafi’i additionally forbids Muslims from visiting the graves if there is a component of polytheism, for concern that it’s going to turn into disastrous (slander) for the corpse within the grave, not as a result of it’s unclean.
Abdurrahman Misno in his guide Mari Ziarah Kubur explains the legislation of the origin of grave pilgrimages which have modified. Initially visiting the graves was disallowed or it was forbidden if it was executed with issues that had been opposite to Islamic legislation.
Nonetheless, at the moment the legislation on visiting graves is sunnah to be carried out so long as that is in accordance with Islamic legislation and doesn’t include shirk or polytheism. Rasulullah SAW mentioned,
لَا تُشَدُّ الرِّجَالُ إِلَّا إِلَى ثَلَاثَةِ مَسَاجِدَ: مَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ، وَمَسْجِدِ ْأَْدِ ي
Which means: “Is not the camel saddle tied (did not journey far on a journey) besides to go to 3 mosques: the Grand Mosque, Al-Aqsa Mosque, and my mosque (Nabawi’s Mosque).” (HR Bukhari)
Asmaji Muchtar acknowledged within the guide Cross-school Dialogue: Fiqh of Worship and Muamalah, based on a extra legitimate opinion, folks visiting graves are suggested to wish, take classes, and browse the Qur’an for the corpse as a result of it’s helpful for the corpse.
Here is the total studying:
Full Grave Pilgrimage Prayer
Summarizing detikHikmah, the next is the studying of the entire grave pilgrimage prayer.
1. Learn greetings
Peace be upon you, and Allah will defend you كُمْ لاحقُونَ
Arabic-latin: Assalamu’alaìkum dara qaumìn mu’mìnîn wa atakum ma tu’adun ghadan mu’ajjalun, wa ìnna ìnsya-Allahu bìkum lahìqun
Which means: “Assalamuallaikum, O place the place the believers stay. The promise of Allah has come to you which of them was postponed tomorrow, and we, God keen, will comply with you.”
2. Learn istighfar
أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللهَ Almighty Allah
Arabic-Latin: Astaghfirullah Hal Adzim Alladzi La ilaha Illa Huwal Hayyul Qoyyumu Wa atubu Ilaihi
Which means: “I urge forgiveness from Allah, the Most Nice, in whom there is no such thing as a god however He, the Most Dwelling, the Most Self-Ample, and I repent to Him.”
3. Learn Surah Al Fatihah
4. Learn the letters Al Ikhlas, Al Falaq and An Naas
5. Learn the tahlil sentences
لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهَ
Arabic-latin: Laailaaha Illallah
Which means: “There isn’t any god however Allah.”
6. Learn the grave pilgrimage prayer
??? God bless you يَضُ مِنَ
Peace be with you Amen
Arabic-latin: Allahummaghfìrlahu conflict hamhu wa ‘aafìhìì wa’fu anhu, wa akrìm nuzuulahu wawassì’ madholahu, waghsìlhu bìl maa’ì watssaljì walbaradì, wa naqqìhì, mìnaddzzunubì wal khathaya kamaa yunaqqatssaubul abyadhu and mìnaddzzunubì wal khathaya kamaa yunaqqatssaubul abyadhu.
Wabdìlhu daaran khaìran mìn daarìhì wa zaujan khaìran mìn zaujìhì. Wa adkhìlhul jannata wa aìdzhu mìn adzabìl qabrì wa mìn adzabìnnaarì wafsah lahu fì qabrìhì wa nawwìr lahu fihì.
Which means: “O Allah, forgive and have mercy on him. Give security and forgive him. Give honor to him, widen his entry. Bathe him with water, ice, and dew. Cleanse him from errors as You clear a white shirt from filth. “
“Change for him a home that’s higher than his house, a spouse that’s higher than his spouse. Enter him into heaven, give him safety from the punishment of the grave and the punishment of hell. Broaden for him in his grave and lightweight him in it.” (Muslim HR)
Brief Grave Pilgrimage Prayer
Within the guide Sensible Prayer for Youngsters by Abu Ezza explains prayer and manners when visiting graves, the next is a prayer for visiting graves:
Peace be with you فِية
Arabic-Latin: Assalaamu’alaikum ahlad diyaari minal mu’miniina wal muslimiin, wa innaa in syaa allaahu bikum laahiquun, nas’alullaaha lanaa wa akumul’aafiyah
Which means: “Security could proceed to be poured out on the occupants of the graves from believers and Muslims, and certainly, God keen, we’ll comply with you. We ask Allah for security for you and for all of you.” (Reported by Ibn Majah).