Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – The Al-Aqsa Mosque has once more grow to be the speak of the world neighborhood after the Israeli police once more attacked the congregation of Muslims who have been praying, Wednesday (5/4/2023) at daybreak final native time.
This motion instantly drew quite a lot of criticism. It’s because the Al-Aqsa Mosque is without doubt one of the holiest websites for Muslims with an extended historical past. Furthermore, the Al-Aqsa Mosque was the primary Qibla path for Muslims world wide earlier than shifting to Mecca.
The Al-Aqsa Mosque is situated within the Temple Mount advanced or Haram Al Sharif within the Outdated Metropolis of Jerusalem. The realm, which is also referred to as the Al Aqsa Mosque Advanced, is usually the middle of battle between Israel and Palestine.
Pictured: Ladies pose for selfies after Eid al-Fitr prayers on the Dome of the Rock Mosque within the Al-Aqsa Mosque advanced within the Outdated Metropolis of Jerusalem, Thursday, Could 13, 2021. (AP / Mahmoud Illean)
Nonetheless, who truly based the Al-Aqsa Mosque?
Relating to the historical past of the development of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, there are a selection of various opinions from students. Students Ibnu Katsir, Ath-Tabari, and Al-Qurthubi acknowledged that the Al-Aqsa Mosque was first constructed by angels on the behest of Allah SWT.
Nonetheless, most students additionally consider that the primary particular person to construct the Al-Aqsa Mosque was Prophet Adam AS who was continued by Prophet Ibrahim AS.
After Prophet Ibrahim AS, Prophet Sulayman AS constructed the Al-Aqsa Mosque with a big, sturdy and delightful constructing. Nonetheless, the Al-Aqsa Mosque which was constructed by Prophet Sulaiman AS collapsed after 370 years on account of being invaded by the Babylonians.
Nonetheless, there are additionally sources who say that the Al-Aqsa Mosque was first constructed by the second caliph of Islam, Umar bin Khattab after his arrival to Jerusalem.
What is the story?
Picture: Ramadan in Israel (AP/Ariel Schalit)
A Muslim girl carrying gloves prays in east Jerusalem’s Mount of Olives, overlooking the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa mosque compound, which stays shut to stop the unfold of coronavirus in the course of the holy month of Ramadan, Friday, Could 1, 2020. ( AP Picture/Ariel Schalit)
In line with experiences Center EastEyeAl-Aqsa Mosque has undergone many renovations and expansions, together with in the course of the eras of the Ummayad, Abbasid, and Ottoman Empires.
In the meantime, launching from The Instances of Israel, the Muslim military initially appeared round Jerusalem in 637 AD. At the moment, the particular person accountable for Jerusalem was the consultant of the Byzantine authorities, Patriarch Sophronius and the chief of the Christian Church.
Talked about, Sophronius refused to give up Jerusalem despite the fact that many Muslim troops surrounded the town. Nonetheless, he was solely keen to give up Jerusalem if Umar bin Khattab got here.
After receiving this request, Umar bin Khattab instantly left Medina and went alone to Jerusalem with one donkey and one assistant. Upon arrival in Jerusalem, Umar bin Khattab was instantly greeted by Sophronius and proven across the metropolis, together with the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
When the prayer time got here, Sophronius invited Umar bin Khattab to wish within the church. Nonetheless, the Islamic chief refused. Umar bin Khattab insisted that if he prayed within the church, Muslims would use it as an excuse to show the church right into a mosque. That’s, this motion might deprive Christians of sacred websites.
As an alternative, Umar bin Khattab ended up praying exterior the church, which is a location on the south aspect of the Al-Aqsa advanced. It was in that place that the Al-Aqsa Mosque was constructed.
Initially, the Al-Aqsa Mosque was named Al-Qibli which implies Qibla Mosque. The identify matches the situation Al-Aqsa Mosque which was the primary Qibla path for Muslims world wide earlier than shifting to Mecca.
As soon as erect, Al Aqsa Mosque underwent a sequence of renovations and expansions all through its historical past. In 661-750 BC, the Umayyad dynasty repaired this constructing, then continued by the Abassid Caliphs, the Fatimid dynasty, the Ayyubid dynasty, and the Ottoman Empire.
Though it has gone by numerous renovations and developments, this mosque stands within the Al-Aqsa advanced. Apart from Al-Aqsa Mosque, on this space there’s additionally the Dome of The Rock and the Wailing Wall.
The Dome of the Rock or Baitul Maqdis is the place that grew to become the foothold of the Prophet Muhammad throughout Isra Mi’raj or the journey to the seventh heaven alias Sidratul Mutaha, in the meantime, the Wailing Wall is believed by Jews to be the one second temple that survived after being destroyed by the Romans.
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